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is there anyway using water I can create a constant and enough supply of Hydrogen and Oxygen to connect to my welding torch to produce a flame,?
I saw an oxyhydrogen welding machine which runs on water and a electrolyte with a power supply it is basically just a big electrolysis machine,
can someone give me some tips on what materials I should use to get a more effective out put and what kind of power source i should use amps + voltage, I could hook it up to a transformer and use two diodes
what electrodes should I use graphite ? will it provide a good and efficient output ?
what electrolyte should I use I dont have to use salt or baking soda I dont mind spending a bit of money on chemicals ect...
I think I could figure out most of the structural things what I need to know is what materials I should use to make a good and constant amount of oxygen and hydrogen
and I dont mind spending some money if it would work good
edit: (me not know edit function)
PS: whats most important is for me to have Hydrogen and Oxygen separate
to have one hose for Hydrogen and the other for Oxygen
I was just thinking: I could have two empty paint tins use the metal tin as the "electrode", pour water and electrolyte into each tin, connect a + on to one of the metal tins "because remember the metal tin itself is acting as the electrode" and connect - onto the surface of the other tin, then because the tins are separate and the circuit is not closed, just tie a wire around both of the tins together so the current passes through both tins that are together and the circuit is closed now make a hole in the covers of the two tins attach two tubes so the gas coming out of the negative tin is Hydrogen and the positive tin is expelling Oxygen so then hook both tubes to my welding torch and close the tins "tight"
plz giv me some ideas and tell me what chemicals and especially important what power source I should use thanks what do you think of the idea above?
Edited by jrrdw.
I think you need to do a lot more research on electrolysis, electricity and it's science in general before you are ready to be using such dangerous gases.
Did there not used to be a "report" button under each post?
There are lots of H2 + O separator plans all over the internet, and I've no doubt there are more suitable forums too. Just so you know, the electricity will take the path of least resistance, through the wire not the water.
Those who would give up Essential Liberty to purchase a little Temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety. -Benjamin Franklin
Since this is your first post I'll just answer some of your questions, but don't do it again. +1 to what Biopyro said.
-You will need low voltage direct current (like 12V)
-You will need LOTS of current (like 20A)
-You will need stainless steel electrodes (graphite will break down)
-The most common electrolyte is a strong base, but I don't think thats a good idea for you to use that. Stick with baking soda. Salt makes chlorine.
-This is a spudgun forum.
Till the day I'm dieing, I'll keep them spuddies flying, 'cause I can!
Spudfiles steam group, join!
I designed and built this HHO generator a few years ago but, I parked it because I found HHO to be far to dangerous for my liking. At 13a using 6oz limon juice concentrate and 1 gallon of distilled water, it produces 3 liters of HHO per minute with very low heating of the unit.
These are renderings of the unit: (4" ABS case)
The stuff generated with a common gas collector is well known for exploding. There is lots of info online with ways people try to prevent a backfire from going all the way to the cell and making it explode.
The safer alternative is the dual gas collection where O2 and H2 are not allowed to combine in the cell and are then mixed in a traditional fashion at the welding torch.
Look in youtube for videos of the cells exploding. There are several.
I am sure many more exploded without the video running.
I will second (or third) the dangerous part.
For a welding cell, 20A will not cut it. I used a 5 volt 200A supply, and that would not be enough for effective welding.
This would be a VERY involved and expensive project.
For a serious cell, I would use 316 stainless steel electrodes, with sodium hydroxide in water. Flash back arrestors (notice the plural part) are a MUST. On mine, I had (in order)
poor-mans flash back arrestor
the tubing to me
another poor mans arrestor
a foam flash back arrestor(unused cigarette filters are supposed to work very well)
and a flow choke
Sodium hydroxide is dangerous, it will burn you. One of my earlier cells exploded, and I got chemical burns all around one of my eyes.
also I won't use hydrgen to weld besides the obvious safety problem there is a little something called hydrogen enbrittlement (sp?) in short metal exposed to hydrogen can become brittle that is why storing hydrogen is such a problem I think that they use oil impregnated bronze to contain the stuff cause a steel tank would turn brittle and explode
hydrogen embrittlement is not a problem when gas is on demand.
If you were to research this more, can I point you to http://4hv.org/news.php
you will not get much replies on 4hv. There have been several topics, and the only people that respond is me and one other chemistry person.
You will not be able to run a stible machine on a normal outlet. Even my 200A 1.6kW supply won't supply enough:
This post has everything and nothing do do with the thread, and I apologize in advance, read the rest of the post, though. Did anyone notice that the dude that sat down in Technician's second video kind of looks like Morgan Freeman? I don't think we hear his voice which is sad, cause I'm a fan of Morgan Freeman's voice.
I fully understand now that this post does not belong here, I only posted because I saw a another post on this forum about a electrolysis machine that someone had posted before and I required additional info and I did'nt want to cram my questions down another persons post sorry,
I just have a few more questions if that's cool with you guys,
1. I got some potassium hydroxide KOH, could I use that?
2. I had about 1 cup of water in a plastic jar made two holes in it with my soldering gun and drove two 10mm stainless steel nuts into it so it touches the water and acts like anode/cathode, dissolved a tea spoon of KOH into the water and hooked it up to a car battery (90AMPS I think) and it did'nt produce much HHO as I expected at all just a couple of few tiny bubbles around the anode and cathode, I expected it to be bubbling and smoking out hydrogen and oxygen, the battery is good too the water started to get very hot after around 15 minutes it was'nt boiling but it was sure hot
3. is stainless steel bolts good enough should I use somthin else ?
4. what other power source is recommended ?
You need to think this through again... With the setup you just described, you are essentially making a short circuit that happens to have a bit of water sitting around it in a couple of places. The electricity would flow straight from one can, through the wire and to the other can, then back to the power supply. This would not do a thing. The water isn't broken apart because it is positively or negatively charged, it is broken up because there is an electric current flowing through it. In that setup, there would be no current flowing through the water itself. When you break apart a molecule of H2O, you end up with 2 different types of atom, one of oxygen and 2 of hydrogen. These then have to make their way to the different electrodes, where they collect and form as bubbles of H2 and O2 gas. In the setup you described, there are 2 seperate bodies of water. Even if the water molecules started breaking down (which they woudln't), how would each gas make its way back to its respective electrode? The only way to make it work would be an insulated hose or pipe allowing water to flow freely between the two cans, and losing the wire connecting them. This setup also wouldn't be very fast... the quickest generators tend to have many electrodes with large surface area very close together.
I wonder how much deeper the ocean would be without sponges.
Right now I'm having amnesia and deja vu at the same time. I think I've forgotten this before.
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Errr yes about that, I know I realized that when I got a big spark on the battery, I guess I was'nt thinkin strait, cuz yeah current goes the easiest way, thought least resistance too so it would just pass from one can to the other without actually passing through the water, but my main problem here is having Hydrogen and Oxygen separate, then combine them at the torch, what about the material I should use for the anode and cathode and in what form should I use it, in strips, what about a mesh, a mesh has a larger surface area if I'm correct, how could I make the electrodes more efficient? and is it ok to use KOH, potassium hydroxide is this good is it better that using salt/baking powder should I use this ?
and current/voltage what would you recommend here?
Thanks Jeremy Brett
KOH should work fine. You need a fairly concentrated solution though.
The voltage doesn't need to be all that high. It really only takes something like 2V to hydrolyze water. But most people use 12V since it's pretty easy to get a high current 12V supply (like a car battery or a car battery charger).
Mesh can be used as the electrodes but most mesh has less surface area than the same size plate. It has to be a very dense mesh to have more surface area.
Like every one else has said, stainless steel is the best electrode material that is affordable and available. Thin sheets are all you need. In a pinch, or as a test setup, you can use galvinized steel sheet from the hardware store.
If you want to keep the H2 and O2 separate then the anode and cathode have to be fairly far apart (at least an inch or so) and that means the cells resitance is higher and it will be less efficient.
To get high surface area and still be able to keep the gases separated is going to be tricky and the cell(s) will probably have to be pretty big.
You might consider making more than one cell and running them in series from a 12V supply.
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