It depends on the class of license, class A and B are easy, H is a bit harder as you need to be part of an SSAA approved pistol club.
Class C is very difficult, impossible for non-farmers. Fortunatley I'll be in the position to get a class C soon.
For those unaware, a class C gets you one semi auto rimfire<sup>1</sup> with a magazine or clip capacity of no more than ten rounds, it also gets you one pump/semi auto shotgun with a 5 round magazine.
So you Americans, consider youself lucky. You can walk into a gun store, get a quick background check, and walk out with a 10/22.
<sup>1</sup> Rimfire is only .22 CB, BB, Short, Long, Extra Long, LR and Magnum. No semi .17HMR/HM2 for us either.
Edit: Stuffed up the superscript tags.